What would have made no effort to de-Russification Austrian Galicia, their success has been very relative. In general, breaking a single nation into two warring camps (divide et impera -! Divide and rule), they have reached desired. The question of whether it was desirable Ukrainize all Russian population, remained open, since it threatened to change in the future Russian Ukrainian separatism separatism. And while Muscophiles and Ukrainians were fighting with each other while maintaining hostility toward Poles, Vienna could sleep peacefully. Actually officially recognized by the Austrian authorities of Ukrainians as a separate nation took place only in 1915, when the Galician etnomutanty proved their loyalty to the throne of Russian massacre in early European war.